- The Cordillera covers six mountain ranges, including the Rocky Mountains, created by the collision of the North American and Pacific plates.
- This region also has high plateaus, meadows, fjords, valleys, and glacial ice fields.
- The highest parts of this region have little precipitation while the lower parts are snowy, cool, and rainy.
- The oldest coniferous trees in Canada are found in this region. The main industries are forestry, fishing, hydroelectricity, and orchards and vineyards.